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Italy became a nation-state in 1861 when the regional states of the peninsula, along with Sardinia and Sicily, were united under King Victor EMMANUEL II.

Travelling in Italy means discovering an unparalleled artistic and cultural heritage, from the iconic landmarks of Florence - Brunelleschi's Dome, Giotto's Campanile, Ponte Vecchio, Piazza della Signoria and Palazzo Vecchio - to the famous Leaning Tower of Pisa and the picturesque Piazza del Campo in the centre of Siena.

Not far from Siena are some of the region's most characteristic sites: the ancient village of Monteriggioni, perched on a hill, has preserved its beautiful medieval walls, and in Chiusdino, the Abbey of San Galgano is a ruined hermitage that houses a mysterious sword carved into the rock.

  • Rome (includes Colosseum, Trevi Fountain, Pantheon, Castel Sant’Angelo, Roman Forum);
  • Venice Canals;
  • Pompeii;
  • Leaning Tower of Pisa;
  • Lake Como;
  • Florence (includes Ponte Vecchio, Cathedral, Uffizi Gallery);
  • Sicily;
  • Mount Vesuvius;
  • Amalfi Coast;
  • Hadrian's Villa;
  • Milan (includes Cathedral, La Scala)
  • Private Jets, Helicopters and Airliners
  • Finest Onboard Catering
  • Ground Transport and Yachts
  • Luxury Villa & House Rentals
  • Local Guide & 24/7 Assistance
  • Customized Global Services
  • The State's Capital
  • Time Zone
    UTC +1
  • Telephone Code
  • Total Area
    301 340 Km2
  • Population
    61 095 551 (2022 est.)
  • Main Languages
    Italian, German, French
  • Currency
    Euros (EUR)
  • GDP Per Capita
    USD 41900
  • Airports
  • Heliports

    Predominantly Mediterranean; alpine in far north; hot, dry in south

    Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)

    Chrysanthemums are used at funerals, red flowers indicate secrecy, and yellow flowers indicate jealousy. All make poor gifts.

    Pasta dishes; pizza

    Core EU economy; strong services, manufacturing, and tourism sectors; hard hit by COVID-19 disruptions but starting to recover; large EU exporter but data skews due to inflated port entry valuation; corruption somewhat stymies foreign direct investment

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© Copyright, Courtesy of Italian National Tourist Board

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