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Poland's history as a state began near the middle of the 10th century. By the mid-16th century, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth ruled a vast tract of land in Central and Eastern Europe. During the 18th century, internal disorders weakened the nation, and in a series of agreements between 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland among themselves.

Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. Free elections in 1989 and 1990 won Solidarity control of the parliament and the presidency, bringing the communist era to a close. A "shock therapy" program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the EU in 2004.

  • Gdansk Old Town;
  • Bialowieza Forest;
  • Wieliczka & Bochnia Royal Salt Mine;
  • Malbork Castle;
  • Slowinski Sand Dunes;
  • Masurian Lakeland;
  • Wawel Castle & Cathedral;
  • Krakow;
  • Warsaw (includes Wilanow Palace, Palace on the Water)
  • Private Jets, Helicopters and Airliners
  • Finest Onboard Catering
  • Ground Transport and Yachts
  • Luxury Villa & House Rentals
  • Local Guide & 24/7 Assistance
  • Customized Global Services
  • The State's Capital
  • Time Zone
    UTC +1
  • Telephone Code
  • Total Area
    312 685 Km2
  • Population
    37 991 766 (2023 est.)
  • Main Languages
    Polish, Silesian
  • Currency
    Zlotych (PLN)
  • GDP Per Capita
    USD 34900
  • Airports
  • Heliports

    Temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers

    Polish 96.9%, Silesian 1.1%, German 0.2%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other and unspecified 1.7% (2011 est.)

    Many households will ask you to remove your shoes upon entry.

    Bigos — a stew of white cabbage, sauerkraut (fermented cabbage), mushrooms, tomatoes, ham, and meats such as pork, beef, veal, bacon, or venison; Pierogi – small dumplings stuffed with either savory or sweet fillings including cheese, onions, ground meat, mushrooms, potatoes, sauerkraut, or various berries

    Diversified, high-growth European economy; COVID-19 led to first recession in nearly 3 decades, albeit small; EU and NATO member; bolstering US relations; economic concentration in western region; aging labor force; growing debt

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