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Two centuries of Viking raids into Europe tapered off following the adoption of Christianity by King Olav TRYGGVASON in 994; conversion of the Norwegian kingdom occurred over the next several decades. In 1397, Norway was absorbed into a union with Denmark that lasted more than four centuries.

In 1814, Norwegians resisted the cession of their country to Sweden and adopted a new constitution. Sweden then invaded Norway but agreed to let Norway keep its constitution in return for accepting the union under a Swedish king. Rising nationalism throughout the 19th century led to a 1905 referendum granting Norway independence.

Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes. In referenda held in 1972 and 1994, Norway rejected joining the EU.

  • Sognefjord;
  • Pulpit Rock;
  • Oslo (includes National Theater, Bygdoy, Viking Ships Museum, Akershus Fortress),
  • Tromsø;
  • Lofoten Islands;
  • Bergen Hanseatic Warf
  • Private Jets, Helicopters and Airliners
  • Finest Onboard Catering
  • Ground Transport and Yachts
  • Luxury Villa & House Rentals
  • Local Guide & 24/7 Assistance
  • Customized Global Services
  • The State's Capital
  • Time Zone
    UTC +1
  • Telephone Code
  • Total Area
    323 802 Km2
  • Population
    5 597 924 (2023 est.)
  • Main Languages
    Bokmal Norwegian, Nynorsk Norwegian
  • Currency
    Norwegian kroner (NOK)
  • GDP Per Capita
    USD 65700
  • Airports
  • Heliports

    Temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior with increased precipitation and colder summers; rainy year-round on west coast

    Norwegian 81.5% (includes about 60,000 Sami), other European 8.9%, other 9.6% (2021 est.)

    Modesty is looked on favorably in Norway, while boastfulness is considered quite rude. This disposition stems from a cultural tradition known as Janet Law, which outlines a series of traditional Norwegian values.

    Farikal — mutton-pieces-with-bone, cabbage, salt, and whole black pepper cooked together for several hours in a big pot, until the mutton becomes very soft

    High-income non-EU European economy; aging labor force; large state-owned energy company constrains budget and spending; largest oil sovereign wealth fund; major fishing, forestry, and extraction industries; large welfare system

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