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The Moorish invasion of Spain in the 8th century and subsequent incursions into France were finally stemmed at the Pyrenees by Frankish King Charlemagne, who in 795 created the Hispanic March, a series of buffer states to keep the Muslim Moors from advancing into Christian France.

The landlocked Principality of Andorra, one of the smallest states in Europe and nestled high in the Pyrenees between the French and Spanish borders, is the last independent survivor of these March states. For 715 years, from 1278 to 1993, Andorrans lived under a unique coprincipality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders (from 1607 onward, the French chief of state and the Bishop of Urgell). In 1993, this feudal system was modified with the introduction of a modern constitution; the co-princes remained as titular heads of state, but the government transformed into a parliamentary democracy.

Andorra has become a popular tourist destination visited by approximately 8 million people each year drawn by the winter sports, summer climate, and duty-free shopping. Andorra has also become a wealthy international commercial center because of its mature banking sector and low taxes.

  • Andorra la Vella;
  • Vallnord;
  • Sant Joan de Caselles Church;
  • Centre Termolúdic Caldea;
  • Ordino (includes Casa d'Areny-Plandolit);
  • Sant Martí de la Cortinada Church;
  • Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley;
  • Pyrenees Mountains
  • Private Jets, Helicopters and Airliners
  • Finest Onboard Catering
  • Ground Transport and Yachts
  • Luxury Villa & House Rentals
  • Local Guide & 24/7 Assistance
  • Customized Global Services
  • The State's Capital
    Andorra la Vella
  • Time Zone
  • Telephone Code
  • Total Area
    468 Km2
  • Population
    85 560 (2022 est.)
  • Main Languages
    Catalan, French, Castilian
  • Currency
    Euros (EUR)
  • GDP Per Capita
    USD 49900
  • Heliports

    Temperate; snowy, cold winters and warm, dry summers

    Andorran 48.3%, Spanish 24.8%, Portuguese 11.2%, French 4.5%, Argentine 1.4%, other 9.8% (2021 est.)

    Andorrans shake hands upon greeting. Men will shake with two hands, placing their left hand on the right forearm of the other person.

    Escudella i carn d'olla — a traditional Catalan meat and vegetable stew and soup

    High GDP; low unemployment; non-EU Euro user; co-principality duty-free area between Spain and France; tourist hub but hit hard by COVID-19; modern, non-tax haven financial sector; looking for big tech investments; new member of SEPA and IMF

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