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After centuries of Danish, Swedish, German, and Russian rule, Estonia attained independence in 1918. Forcibly incorporated into the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US and many other countries - it regained its freedom in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Since the last Russian troops left in 1994, Estonia has been free to promote economic and political ties with the West. It joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004, formally joined the OECD in late 2010, and adopted the euro as its official currency on 1 January 2011.

  • Tallinn (includes Toompea Castle, Alexander Nevsky Cathedral);
  • Tartu (includes Old Toen, Estonian National Museum);
  • Lahemaa National Park;
  • Saaremaa;
  • Parnu;
  • Narva Castle
  • Private Jets, Helicopters and Airliners
  • Finest Onboard Catering
  • Ground Transport and Yachts
  • Luxury Villa & House Rentals
  • Local Guide & 24/7 Assistance
  • Customized Global Services
  • The State's Capital
  • Time Zone
    UTC +2
  • Telephone Code
  • Total Area
    45 228 Km2
  • Population
    1 211 524
  • Main Languages
    Estonian, Russian, Ukrainian
  • Currency
    Euros (EUR)
  • GDP Per Capita
    USD 38700
  • Airports
  • Heliports

    Maritime; wet, moderate winters, cool summers

    Estonian 68.7%, Russian 24.8%, Ukrainian 1.7%, Belarusian 1%, Finn 0.6%, other 1.6%, unspecified 1.6% (2011 est.)

    It is considered rude to greet someone while seated, stand up to introduce yourself.

    Verivorst — pork sausages made of barley, onion, allspice, marjoram, and blood and roasted together with potatoes and pork; typically accompanied with butter, sour cream, and sauerkraut on the side and topped with a cranberry or lingonberry compote

    Advanced service-based EU and OECD economy; regional trade and telecommunications leader; recently rejected Baltic sea rail tunnel from Tallinn to Helsinki; flat income taxation; substantial welfare system; balanced budget culture; business-friendly climate

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