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At the close of World War I, the Czechs and Slovaks of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire merged to form Czechoslovakia, a parliamentarian democracy. During the interwar years, having rejected a federal system, the new country's predominantly Czech leaders were frequently preoccupied with meeting the increasingly strident demands of other ethnic minorities within the republic, most notably the Slovaks, the Sudeten Germans, and the Ruthenians (Ukrainians).

On the eve of World War II, Nazi Germany occupied the territory that today comprises Czechia, and Slovakia became an independent state allied with Germany. After the war, a reunited but truncated Czechoslovakia (less Ruthenia) fell within the Soviet sphere of influence when the pro-Soviet Communist party staged a coup in February 1948. In 1968, an invasion by fellow Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize communist rule and create "socialism with a human face," ushering in a period of repression known as "normalization."

The peaceful "Velvet Revolution" swept the Communist Party from power at the end of 1989 and inaugurated a return to democratic rule and a market economy. On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a nonviolent "velvet divorce" into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. The country formally added the short-form name Czechia in 2016, while also continuing to use the full form name, the Czech Republic.

  • Prague (includes Castle District, Charles Bridge, and Pruhonice Park);
  • Klementinum and Strahov Monastery Libraries;
  • Karlovy Vary;
  • Kutná Hora;
  • Bohemian Paradise;
  • Konopišt? Chateau;
  • Hluboká Castle;
  • Karlštejn Castle;
  • Melnik
  • Private Jets, Helicopters and Airliners
  • Finest Onboard Catering
  • Ground Transport and Yachts
  • Luxury Villa & House Rentals
  • Local Guide & 24/7 Assistance
  • Customized Global Services
  • The State's Capital
  • Time Zone
    UTC +1
  • Telephone Code
  • Total Area
    78 867 Km2
  • Population
    10 705 384 (2022 est.)
  • Main Languages
    Czech, Slovak
  • Currency
    Koruny (CZK)
  • GDP Per Capita
    USD 40700
  • Airports
  • Heliports

    Temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

    Czech 57.3%, Moravian 3.4%, other 7.7%, unspecified 31.6% (2021 est.)

    When invited into a room, wait to be seated.

    Vepřo-knedlo-zelo — roast pork with dumplings and sauerkraut

    High income, diversified EU economy; advanced services and automotive exporter; mostly intra-EU trader; low unemployment; usually maintains a positive trade balance; large investments in systems innovation and information technologies

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