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The use of the name Crna Gora or Black Mountain (Montenegro) began in the 13th century in reference to a highland region in the Serbian province of Zeta. The later medieval state of Zeta maintained its existence until 1496 when Montenegro finally fell under Ottoman rule.

Over subsequent centuries, Montenegro managed to maintain a level of autonomy within the Ottoman Empire. From the 16th to 19th centuries, Montenegro was a theocracy ruled by a series of bishop princes; in 1852, it transformed into a secular principality. Montenegro was recognized as an independent sovereign principality at the Congress of Berlin in 1878.

In May 2006, Montenegro invoked its right under the Constitutional Charter of Serbia and Montenegro to hold a referendum on independence from the two-state union.

  • Sveti Stefan;
  • Budva Old Town;
  • Kotor (includes San Giovanni Fortress);
  • Durmitor National Park (includes Tara Canyon, Black Lake);
  • Stecci Medieval Tombstones;
  • Podgorica
  • Private Jets, Helicopters and Airliners
  • Finest Onboard Catering
  • Ground Transport and Yachts
  • Luxury Villa & House Rentals
  • Local Guide & 24/7 Assistance
  • Customized Global Services
  • The State's Capital
  • Time Zone
    UTC +1
  • Telephone Code
  • Total Area
    13 812 Km2
  • Population
    602,445 (2023 est.)
  • Main Languages
    Serbian, Montenegrin, Bosnian
  • Currency
    Euros (EUR)
  • GDP Per Capita
    USD 20600
  • Airports
  • Heliports

    Mediterranean climate, hot dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfalls inland

    Montenegrin 45%, Serbian 28.7%, Bosniak 8.7%, Albanian 4.9%, Muslim 3.3%, Romani 1%, Croat 1%, other 2.6%, unspecified 4.9% (2011 est.)

    Conversations in Montenegro may involve more physical touching than those in America, with light touches and taps on the shoulder being common.

    Brudet — fish stew made with white fish and shellfish, as well as tomatoes, wine, and spices; typically served with polenta (coarsely ground corn)

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