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Lithuanian lands were united under MINDAUGAS in 1236; over the next century, through alliances and conquest, Lithuania extended its territory to include most of present-day Belarus and Ukraine. By the end of the 14th century Lithuania was the largest state in Europe.

An alliance with Poland in 1386 led the two countries into a union through the person of a common ruler. In 1569, Lithuania and Poland formally united into a single dual state, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. This entity survived until 1795 when its remnants were partitioned by surrounding countries.

On 11 March 1990, Lithuania became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence, but Moscow did not recognize this proclamation until September of 1991 (following the abortive coup in Moscow). The last Russian troops withdrew in 1993. Lithuania subsequently restructured its economy for integration into Western European institutions; it joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.

  • Hill of Crosses;
  • Vilnius (includes Gate of Dawn, Cathedral, Grand Dukes Palace);
  • Aukštaitija National Park;
  • Trakai Island Castle;
  • Kaunas;
  • Curonian Spit (includes Neringa Municipality)
  • Private Jets, Helicopters and Airliners
  • Finest Onboard Catering
  • Ground Transport and Yachts
  • Luxury Villa & House Rentals
  • Local Guide & 24/7 Assistance
  • Customized Global Services
  • The State's Capital
  • Time Zone
    UTC +2
  • Telephone Code
  • Total Area
    65 300 Km2
  • Population
    2 655 755 (2023 est.)
  • Main Languages
    Lithuanian, Russian, Polish
  • Currency
    Litai (LTL)
  • GDP Per Capita
    USD 39300
  • Airports

    Transitional, between maritime and continental; wet, moderate winters and summers

    Lithuanian 84.6%, Polish 6.5%, Russian 5%, Belarusian 1%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.8% (2021 est.)

    The host often gives the first toast of the night, and it is polite for guests to reciprocate with toasts of their own later in the evening.

    Cepelinai — large dumplings made of raw and cooked potato dough filled with pork and doused in a ladle of a sour cream and bacon sauce

    High-income, EU-member, largest Baltic economy; privatized most state-owned enterprises; unmoved youth emigration; systemic corruption; issued Europe’s first bank-backed digital coin (LBCOIN); highly educated workforce; lowest EU household debt

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