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Several eastern Baltic tribes merged in medieval times to form the ethnic core of the Latvian people (ca. 8th-12th centuries A.D.).

The region subsequently came under the control of Germans, Poles, Swedes, and finally, Russians. A Latvian republic emerged following World War I, but it was annexed by the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US and many other countries.

Latvia acceded to both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004; it joined the euro zone in 2014 and the OECD in 2016. A dual citizenship law was adopted in 2013, easing naturalization for non-citizen children.

  • Gauja National Park;
  • Jurmala Resort;
  • Rundale Palace & Museum;
  • Turaida Museum Reserve;
  • Riga (includes Freedom Statue, Saint Peter's Church, Blackheads House)
  • Private Jets, Helicopters and Airliners
  • Finest Onboard Catering
  • Ground Transport and Yachts
  • Luxury Villa & House Rentals
  • Local Guide & 24/7 Assistance
  • Customized Global Services
  • The State's Capital
  • Time Zone
    UTC +2
  • Telephone Code
  • Total Area
    64 589 Km2
  • Population
    1 821 750 (2023 est.)
  • Main Languages
    Latvian, Russian
  • Currency
    Euros (EUR)
  • GDP Per Capita
    USD 32100
  • Airports
  • Heliports

    Maritime; wet, moderate winters

    Latvian 62.7%, Russian 24.5%, Belarusian 3.1%, Ukrainian 2.2%, Polish 2%, Lithuanian 1.1%, other 1.8%

    Even numbers of flowers indicate mourning, so be sure to present odd numbers of flowers in arrangements.

    Grey Peas and Bacon — grey peas cooked in smoked bacon, onion, and salt; rye bread

    High-income, EU-member Baltic economy; export-driven; major bribery and money-laundering scandals suggest widespread financial corruption; strong but gradual post COVID-19 recovery; regional tension with Belarus; highly developed transit services

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