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The conquest of Vietnam by France began in 1858 and was completed by 1884. It became part of French Indochina in 1887. France continued to rule until its 1954 defeat, when the country was divided into North and South halves. Communist North Vietnam eventually conquered the anti-communist South in 1975 but then stagnated economically until 1986 before introducing a more market-based economy.

  • Ha Long Bay;
  • Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon);
  • Hue (includes Imperial Citadel and Thien Mu Pagoda);
  • Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park; Hoi An;
  • Sapa Countryside;
  • My Son
  • Private Jets, Helicopters and Airliners
  • Finest Onboard Catering
  • Ground Transport and Yachts
  • Luxury Villa & House Rentals
  • Local Guide & 24/7 Assistance
  • Customized Global Services
  • The State's Capital
    Hanoi (Ha Noi)
  • Time Zone
    UTC +7
  • Telephone Code
  • Total Area
    331 210 Km2
  • Population
    104 799 174 (2023 est.)
  • Main Languages
    Vietnamese, English, French, Chinese
  • Currency
    Dong (VND)
  • GDP Per Capita
    USD 10600
  • Airports
  • Heliports

    Tropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (May to September) and warm, dry season (October to March)

    Kinh (Viet) 85.3%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.9%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.4%, Mong 1.4%, Nung 1.1%, other 5.5% (2019 est.)

    Standing with your hands on your hips or crossing your arms on your chest are seen as impolite body language.

    Pho — rice noodles in beef or chicken broth seasoned with cumin, coriander powder, black cardamom, roasted onion powder, roasted ginger powder, fennel, and cloves; sometimes beef slices and/or vegetable sprouts are added

    Lower middle-income socialist East Asian economy; rapid economic growth since Đổi Mới reforms; strong investment and productivity growth; tourism and manufacturing hub; TPP signatory; declining poverty aside from ethnic minorities

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