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The first Sinhalese arrived in Sri Lanka late in the 6th century B.C., probably from northern India. The island was ceded to the British in 1796, became a crown colony in 1802, and was formally united under British rule by 1815. As Ceylon, it became independent in 1948; its name was changed to Sri Lanka in 1972.

  • Sigiriya Rock Fort;
  • Yala National Park;
  • Galle Fort;
  • Adam's Peak;
  • Temple of the Tooth;
  • Arugam Bay;
  • Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage;
  • Gal Vihara
  • Private Jets, Helicopters and Airliners
  • Finest Onboard Catering
  • Ground Transport and Yachts
  • Luxury Villa & House Rentals
  • Local Guide & 24/7 Assistance
  • Customized Global Services
  • The State's Capital
  • Time Zone
    UTC +5.5
  • Telephone Code
  • Total Area
    65 610 Km2
  • Population
    23 326 272 (2023 est.)
  • Main Languages
    Sinhala, Tamil, English
  • Currency
    Sri Lankan rupees (LKR)
  • GDP Per Capita
    USD 13400
  • Airports
  • Heliports

    Tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March); southwest monsoon (June to October)

    Sinhalese 74.9%, Sri Lankan Tamil 11.2%, Sri Lankan Moors 9.2%, Indian Tamil 4.2%, other 0.5% (2012 est.)

    Flowers are uncommon gifts in Sri Lanka because they are traditionally associated with mourning.

    Kottu roti — roti (a round flatbread) is placed on a grill and chopped and combined with additional ingredients including spices, vegetables, eggs, cheese or meat

    Lower middle-income South Asian island economy; extremely high public debts; rapid inflation; facing domestic food, fuel, and medicine shortages; tourism industry disrupted by COVID-19; known garment and commodities exporter; low foreign exchange reserves

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