The Indus Valley civilization, one of the world's oldest, flourished during the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. and extended into northwestern India.
Aryan tribes from the northwest infiltrated the Indian subcontinent about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. The vast, dusty expanses of the Gangetic plains contrast with the tropical luxuriance of the rice paddies, orchards and coconut groves that line the coasts of Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
Here, the black skin of the inhabitants contrasts with the white skin of the people of the North, a sign of belonging to the ancestral land and its customs, as do the great temples, veritable religious cities surrounded by lush countryside...
Varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north
Indo 72%, Dravidian 25%, and other 3%
Wearing shoes indoors and pointing at people is considered rude.
Khichdi — a dish of rice and lentils; Biryani — long-grain rice cooked with spices and meat and often topped with fried onion flakes and boiled eggs; Tandoori Chicken — whole chicken marinated in yogurt and spices, and baked in a tandoor (a traditional Indian clay oven)
Largest South Asian economy; still informal domestic economies; COVID-19 reversed both economic growth and poverty reduction; credit access weaknesses contributing to lower private consumption and inflation; new social and infrastructure equity efforts