A Rwandan kingdom dominated the region from the mid-18th century onward, with Tutsi rulers conquering others militarily and centralizing power.
German colonial rule began in 1898, but Belgian forces captured Rwanda in 1916 during World War I. Rwandan independence came in 1962. Rwanda held its first local elections in 1999 and its first presidential and legislative elections in 2003.
Temperate; two rainy seasons (February to April, November to January); mild in mountains with frost and snow possible
Hutu, Tutsi, Twa (Pygmy)
Personal space is often much tighter in Rwanda, so do not be surprised if conversations occur at closer distances.
Brochettes — meat (typically goat, beef, chicken, or pork) or fish on a skewer, sometimes with vegetables, and roasted over hot coals; typically served with roasted potatoes, deep-fried bananas, or salad
Fast-growing Sub-Saharan economy; major public investments; trade and tourism hit hard by COVID-19; increasing poverty after 2 decades of declines; Ugandan competition for regional influence; major coffee exporter; contested GDP figures