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A Rwandan kingdom dominated the region from the mid-18th century onward, with Tutsi rulers conquering others militarily and centralizing power.

German colonial rule began in 1898, but Belgian forces captured Rwanda in 1916 during World War I. Rwandan independence came in 1962. Rwanda held its first local elections in 1999 and its first presidential and legislative elections in 2003.

  • Kigali Genocide Memorial;
  • Volcanoes National Park;
  • Nyungwe Forest National Park;
  • Ethnographic Museum;
  • Murambi Genocide Memorial;
  • King's Palace Museum
  • Private Jets, Helicopters and Airliners
  • Finest Onboard Catering
  • Ground Transport
  • Luxury Villa & House Rentals
  • Local Guide & 24/7 Assistance
  • Customized Global Services
  • The State's Capital
  • Time Zone
    UTC +2
  • Telephone Code
  • Total Area
    26 338 Km2
  • Population
    13 400 541 (2023 est.)
  • Main Languages
    Kinyarwanda, French, English
  • Currency
    Rwandan francs (RWF)
  • GDP Per Capita
    USD 2200
  • Airports

    Temperate; two rainy seasons (February to April, November to January); mild in mountains with frost and snow possible

    Hutu, Tutsi, Twa (Pygmy)

    Personal space is often much tighter in Rwanda, so do not be surprised if conversations occur at closer distances.

    Brochettes — meat (typically goat, beef, chicken, or pork) or fish on a skewer, sometimes with vegetables, and roasted over hot coals; typically served with roasted potatoes, deep-fried bananas, or salad

    Fast-growing Sub-Saharan economy; major public investments; trade and tourism hit hard by COVID-19; increasing poverty after 2 decades of declines; Ugandan competition for regional influence; major coffee exporter; contested GDP figures

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