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Explored and settled by the Spanish in the 16th century, Panama broke with Spain in 1821 and joined a union of Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela - named the Republic of Gran Colombia.

When the latter dissolved in 1830, Panama remained part of Colombia. With US backing, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903 and promptly signed a treaty with the US allowing for the construction of a canal.

Panama Canal;

Bocas Town;

Coiba Island;

San Blas Islands;

Santa Catalina;

Panamanian coral reefs

  • Private Jets, Helicopters and Airliners
  • Finest Onboard Catering
  • Ground Transport and Yachts
  • Luxury Villa & House Rentals
  • Local Guide & 24/7 Assistance
  • Customized Global Services
  • The State's Capital
    Panama City
  • Time Zone
    UTC -5
  • Telephone Code
  • Total Area
    75 420 Km2
  • Population
    4 404 108 (2023 est.)
  • Main Languages
    Spanish, indigenous languages, English
  • Currency
    Balboas (PAB)
  • GDP Per Capita
    USD 29000
  • Airports
  • Heliports

    Tropical maritime; hot, humid, cloudy; prolonged rainy season (May to January), short dry season (January to May)

    Mestizo (mixed Amerindian and White) 65%, Native American 12.3% (Ngabe 7.6%, Kuna 2.4%, Embera 0.9%, Bugle 0.8%, other 0.4%, unspecified 0.2%), Black or African descent 9.2%, Mulatto 6.8%, White 6.7% (2010 est.)

    It is considered polite to refer to people by business titles, rather than their surname, when in a professional context.

    Sancocho de Gallina (Chicken Stew) - chicken, corn, and root vegetables such as ñame, yuca, and otoe, flavored with culantro (an herb similar to cilantro); typically served with a side of white rice

    Upper middle-income Central American economy; increasing Chinese trade; US dollar user; canal expansion fueling broader infrastructure investment; services sector dominates economy; historic money-laundering and illegal drug hub

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