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Modern Turkey was founded in 1923 from the remnants of the defeated Ottoman Empire by national hero Mustafa KEMAL, who was later honored with the title Ataturk or "Father of the Turks." Under his leadership, the country adopted radical social, legal, and political reforms.

Turkey joined the UN in 1945 and in 1952 it became a member of NATO. In 1963, Turkey became an associate member of the European Community.

  • Istanbul (includes Hagia Sofia & Blue Mosque, Topkapi Palace);
  • Ephesus;
  • Pamukkale;
  • Sumela Monastery;
  • Mount Nemrut;
  • Goreme National Park & rock sites of Cappadocia;
  • Troy ruins;
  • Catalhoyuk
  • Private Jets, Helicopters and Airliners
  • Finest Onboard Catering
  • Ground Transport and Yachts
  • Luxury Villa & House Rentals
  • Local Guide & 24/7 Assistance
  • Customized Global Services
  • The State's Capital
  • Time Zone
    UTC +3
  • Telephone Code
  • Total Area
    783 562 Km2
  • Population
    83 593 483 (2023 est.)
  • Main Languages
    Turkish, Kurdish
  • Currency
    Turkish liras (TRY)
  • GDP Per Capita
    USD 31500
  • Airports
  • Heliports

    Temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior

    Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 19%, other minorities 6-11% (2016 est.)

    Removing shoes in Turkish homes is customary. Be careful not to point your bare feet at anyone though, as this is often considered taboo.

    Döner Kebab — grilled, sliced, or shaved seasoned lamb and/or beef shredded from a vertical skewer and typically folded in flat bread with tomatoes, onions, lettuce, and cucumbers; cheese is also occasionally added

    Upper middle-income, diversified Middle Eastern economy; economic instability from 2016 attempted coup and 2018 currency recession; hit hard by COVID-19, increasing poverty and unemployment; endemic corruption; large agriculture labor force

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