Switzerland owes its name and coat of arms to the small town of Schwyz, situated between Lake Lucerne and Lake Lauerz.
In 1291, Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden formed an alliance; in 1315, the Confederates defeated the Austrians at the Battle of Morgarten. The Federal Charters Museum houses the most important documents of the first Swiss Confederation, including the founding act of the Swiss Confederation.
Temperate, but varies with altitude; cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers with occasional showers
German 86.3%, Turkish 1.8%, Polish 1%, Syrian 1%, Romanian 1%, other/stateless/unspecified 8.9% (2020 est.)
Speaking too loudly in public, especially on cell phones, is frowned upon.
Rösti — grated potato patties sometimes including herbs and spices, onions, ham, or cheese and pan-fried in butter or oil; the dish is cut into wedges for serving.
High-income, non-EU European economy; renowned banking and financial hub; extremely low unemployment; highly skilled but aging workforce; key pharmaceutical and precision manufacturing exporter; fairly high public debt.