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Founded in the 12th century, the Principality of Muscovy was able to emerge from over 200 years of Mongol domination and to gradually conquer and absorb surrounding principalities.

In the early 17th century, Russia continued this policy of expansion across Siberia to the Pacific. Communists under Vladimir LENIN seized power soon after the 1917 revolution and formed the USSR. December 1991 saw dissolution of the USSR into Russia and 14 other independent states.

  • Moscow (includes Kremlin & Red Square, Saint Basil Cathedral);
  • Suzdal;
  • Lake Baikal;
  • Saint Sophia Cathedral (Veliky Novgorod);
  • Kizhi Island;
  • Valley of Geysers;
  • Mount Elbrus;
  • Saint Petersburg (includes Hermitage Museum, Saint Isaac’s Cathedral, Peterhof Palace)
  • Private Jets, Helicopters and Airliners
  • Finest Onboard Catering
  • Ground Transport and Yachts
  • Luxury Villa & House Rentals
  • Local Guide & 24/7 Assistance
  • Customized Global Services
  • The State's Capital
  • Time Zone
    UTC +3
  • Telephone Code
  • Total Area
    17 098 242 Km2
  • Population
    141 698 923 (2023 est.)
  • Main Languages
    Russian, Tatar, Chechen
  • Currency
    Russian rubles (RUB)
  • GDP Per Capita
    USD 28000
  • Airports
  • Heliports

    Ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast

    Russian 77.7%, Tatar 3.7%, Ukrainian 1.4%, Bashkir 1.1%, Chuvash 1%, Chechen 1%, other 10.2%

    Leaving a small amount of food on your plate indicates that your host has provided ample hospitality.

    Pelmeni — bite-sized dough dumplings filled with a variety of ingredients including pork, beef, fish, spices, mushrooms, onions, and other vegetables and boiled; typically served with sour cream

    Natural resource-rich Eurasian economy; leading energy exporter to Europe and Asia; decreased oil export reliance

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