The site of several advanced Amerindian civilizations - including the Olmec, Toltec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec, Maya, and Aztec - Mexico was conquered and colonized by Spain in the early 16th century. Administered as the Viceroyalty of New Spain for three centuries, it achieved independence early in the 19th century.
Varies from tropical to desert
Mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 62%, predominantly Amerindian 21%, Amerindian 7%, other 10% (mostly European) (2012 est.)
When greeting in social situations, women pat each other on the right forearm or shoulder, rather than shake hands.
Tacos; Mole poblano — a thick dark red-brown sauce made with dried poblano peppers and chocolate; typically served with chicken or turkey; Chiles en nogada — poblano chile peppers stuffed with picadillo (a mixture of shredded meat, spices, fruits, and spices) topped with nogada (a walnut-based cream sauce), pomegranate seeds, and parsley
One of the world’s largest economies; USMCA buttresses its manufacturing sector; has underperformed growth targets for three decades; COVID-19 disrupted export-based economy; corruption and cartel-based violence undermine economic stability